Timeline of Judaism and Christianity

  • 1312 BC

    The Exodus from Egypt

  • 1150-1025 BC

    The time of the Judges leading the people of Israel.

  • 1025-1010 BC

    Reign of King Saul.

  • 1010-970 BC

    Reign of King David.

  • 970-931 BC

    Reign of King Solomon

  • 1000-900 BC

    Khirbet Qeiyafa inscription is discovered, demonstrating the historicity of an ancient Israelite religion and also giving evidence to figures as early as King David as being real and not mythological. Further evidence of King David's existence was found at the excavation of the Tel Dan Stele.

  • 960 BC

    Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem is completed.

  • 931 BC

    Split between Kingdom of Israel and Kingdom of Judah.

  • 931-913 BC

    King Rehoboam's reign in Judah.

  • 931-910 BC

    King Jeroboam's reign in Israel.

  • 900 BC

    According to the documentary hypothesis, J source of the Torah is written.

  • 840 BC

    Mesha inscription describes Moabite victory over a son of King Omri of Israel.

  • 800 BC

    According to the documentary hypothesis, E source of the Torah is written.

  • 740-700 BC

    Isaiah's prophecies and ministry.

  • 740-722 BC

    Kingdom of Israel falls to the armies of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.

  • 725-650 BC

    Ketef Hinnom scrolls containing the text of the priestly blessing written.

  • 715-687 BC

    King Hezekiah's reign in Judah.

  • 690 BC

    According to the documentary hypothesis, P source of the Torah is written.

  • 649-609 BC

    King Josiah of Judah institutes major reforms.

  • 626-587 BC

    Jeremiah's prophecies and ministry to the Kingdom of Judah

  • 620 BC

    According to the documentary hypothesis, D source of the Torah is written. Joshua, Judges, I and II Samuel, I and II Kings are also written, presumably by the same authors.

  • 597 BC

    First deportation to Babylon.

  • 586 BC

    Jerusalem falls to Nebuchadnezzar and Solomon's Temple destroyed

  • 539 BC

    Jews allowed to return to Jerusalem, by permission of King Cyrus.

  • 520 BC

    Prophecy of Zechariah.

  • 516 BC

    The second temple of Jerusalem was consecrated.

  • 475 BC

    Often associated with Xerxes I of Persia, Queen Esther revealed her identity to the king and began to plead for her people, pointing to Haman as the evil schemer plotting to destroy them.

  • 460 BC

    Seeing anarchy breaking out in Judea, Xerxes' successor Persian King Artaxerxes sent Ezra to restore order.

  • 450 BC

    Documentary hypothesis suggests that the five books were created by combining the four originally independent sources.

  • 200 BC - 100 AD

    At some point during this era the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) is canonized. Jewish religious works that were written after the time of Ezra were not canonized, although many became popular among many groups of Jews. Those works that made it into the Greek translation of the Bible (the Septuagint) became known as the deuterocanonical books.

  • 167-161 BC

    The Maccabees (Hasmoneans) revolt against the Hellenistic Empire of Seleucids, led by Judah Maccabee, resulting in victory and installation of the Hanukkah holiday.

  • 157-129 BC

    Hasmonean dynasty establishes its royal dominance in Judea during renewed war with Seleucid Empire.

  • 63 BC

    Pompey the Great lay siege to and entered the Temple, Judea became a client kingdom of Rome.

  • 40-4 BC

    Herod the Great's reign. He was apointed King of the Jews by the Roman Senate.

  • 4 BC

    Birth of Christ.

  • 6 AD

    Province of Roman Judaea created by merging Judea proper, Samaria and Idumea.

  • 10 AD

    Hillel the Elder, considered the greatest Torah sage, dies, leading to the dominance of Shammai till 30, see also Hillel and Shammai.

  • 33 AD

    The trial and crucifiction of Jesus Christ.

  • 33-36 AD

    Apostle Paul converted to Christianity on the road to Damascus.

  • 37-41 AD

    Crisis under Caligula, proposed as the first open break between Rome and the Jews.

  • 40 AD

    Epistle of James written by Apostle James the Great.

  • 44 AD

    Apostle James the Great, according to ancient local tradition, on 2 January of the year AD 40, the Virgin Mary appeared to James on a pillar on the bank of the Ebro River at Caesaraugusta, while he was preaching the Gospel in Spain. Following that vision, James the Great returned to Judea, where he was beheaded by King Herod Agrippa I in the year 44 during a Passover.

  • 44 AD

    The death of Herod Agrippa I.

  • 44-46 AD

    Theudas beheaded by Procurator Cuspius Fadus for saying he would part the Jordan river (like Moses and the Red Sea or Joshua and the Jordan) (Acts 5:36-37 places it before the Census of Quirinius)

  • 45-49 AD

    First missionary journey of Paul. The mission of Barnabas and Paul, (Acts 13:1-14:28), started in Antioch and went to Cyprus, Pisidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra and Derbe (there they were called "gods ... in human form"), then return to Antioch.

  • 47 AD

    The Church of the East is created by Saint Thomas.

  • 64 AD

    The Epistle to the Hebrews written.

  • 72 AD

    The martyrdom of Saint Thomas.

  • 80 AD ∓20

    Didache written. Many English and American scholars once dated the text to the late 2nd century CE, a view still held today, but most scholars now assign the Didache to the first century. The document is a composite work, and the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls with its Manual of Discipline provided evidence of development over a considerable period of time, beginning as a Jewish catechetical work which was then developed into a church manual. Additionally, apart from two minuscule fragments, the Greek text of the Didache has only survived in a single manuscript, the Codex Hierosolymitanus. Dating the document is thus made difficult both by the lack of hard evidence and its composite character. The Didache may have been compiled in its present form as late as 150, although a date closer to the end of the first century seems more probable to many. It is an anonymous work, a pastoral manual that Aaron Milavec states "reveals more about how Jewish-Christians saw themselves and how they adapted their Judaism for gentiles than any other book in the Christian Scriptures." The Two Ways section is likely based on an earlier Jewish source. The community that produced the Didache was probably based in Syria. Wikipedia 8/11/16

  • 48-100 AD

    The reign of Herod Agrippa II, who was appointed King of the Jews by Claudius; seventh and last of the Herodians.

  • 180 AD

    The Muratorian Canon (also called the Muratorian Fragment) is an ancient list of New Testament books—the oldest such list we have found. The original document, which was probably written in Greek, is dated to about AD 180 and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
    The Muratorian Canon was discovered by Italian historian Ludovico Muratori in the Ambrosian Library in northern Italy and was published by him in 1740. The manuscript copy that Muratori discovered was written in Latin and has been dated to the 7th or 8th century AD. Several internal indicators have convinced most experts that the original Muratorian Canon should be dated near the end of the 2nd century (c. AD 180). Quotation from Got Questions.

  • 1880 AD

    G.T. Haywood was born in Green Castle, Indiana.

  • 1896 AD

    Charles Parham and Sarah Thistlethawaite were married. Attendees at the World Wide Pentecostal Camp Meeting held at Arroyo Seco, California began to baptize in Jesus name after hearing a comment during a baptismal service by R.E. McAlister that baptism in the earliest church was done in the name of Jesus Christ. John G. Sheppe proclaimed that a revelation had come and baptism should be performed in the name of Jesus only, causing many in the camp to study the Scriptures earnestly.

  • 1898 AD

    Charles F. Parham opened Bethel Healing Home in Topeka, Kansas. California meetings began at 312 Azusa Street under the leadership of Joseph Seymore and became the center for Pentecostal revival. This became known as the Azusa Street Mission/Revival.

  • 1900 AD

    In September, Parham rented "Stones Folly" in Topeka Kansas and in October opened Bethel Bible School. 40 students enrolled in the classes. During the watchnight service of 1900-1901, 80 people gather in the chapel. Parham was about to go on travel but asked his students to carefully study the baptism of the Holy Ghost and report their findings when he returned.

  • 1901 AD

    On January 1st, a missionary from Beatrice, Nebraska was the first to recieve the baptism of the Holy Ghost, evidenced by speaking in tongues. This was the evidence of the baptism discovered by the student's research of the Scriptures.

  • 1901 AD

    On January 21st, Parham and seven students travelled to Kansas City, Missouri. It was here that Parham opened another bible school and wrote the first ever book authored by a full gospel preacher entitled "A Voice Crying In The Wilderness"